Growing with the Web

CSS multi-coloured rectangular borders

Published
Tags:

The borders in CSS are weighted equally which means if their colours differ, the split between them will be diagonal. This is the reason that CSS triangles work the way they do. Say your design wanted a more rectangular border though, where the top and bottom extended all the way out and covered the bottom portion of the left and right borders.

Plain/desired

You can do this a couple of ways.

The easy way

This involves wrapping the container in another container and adding alternating borders on each container.

<div class="container-rect-border">
  <div class="inner"></div>
</div>
.container-rect-border {
  border-top:10px solid #C77;
  border-bottom:10px solid #C77;
}
.container-rect-border .inner {
  border-left:10px solid #FAA;
  border-right:10px solid #FAA;
}

The hard way

Using another container is generally discouraged as it would be adding markup purely for stylistic reasons. Pulling it off with a single container is possible, it requires the use of the :before and :after pseudo-elements. These will create ‘fake’ elements before and after our container which will act as our rectangular borders.

<div class="pseudo-border"></div>
.pseudo-border {
  border-top:10px solid #C77;
  border-bottom:10px solid #C77;
  position:relative;
  /* pad out the left and right to allow room for the border */
  padding:0 10px;
}
.pseudo-border:before,
.pseudo-border:after {
  position:absolute;
  top:0;
  bottom:0;
  width:10px;
  background-color:#FAA;
  display:block;
  content:"";
}
.pseudo-border:before {
  left:0;
}
.pseudo-border:after {
  right:0;
}

Demo

You can see a demonstration of all the borders at JSFiddle.

Comments

comments powered by Disqus
Like this article?
Subscribe for more!